Tanzania is a land of contrasts and majesty, Africa at its most wild and unexplored. There is the snow-capped summit of Mount Kilimanjaro and the sun-kissed beaches of Zanzibar, the vast herds of game grazing on the Serengeti plains and the slow volcanic eruption of Ol Donyo Lengai. Tanzania has more land devoted to national parks and game reserves than any other wildlife destination in the world. The most famous ones are the Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti, Tarangire and Mount Kilimanjaro. With so much natural wealth, it's no wonder that Tanzania has something for everyone.
Tanzania is home to approximately 120 tribal groups and offers a unique glimpse into African life as it has remained for centuries. The Masaai are perhaps the most well known of Tanzania's tribes and inhabit the northern regions of the country. The 'Spice Islands' of the Zanzibar Archipielago, Pemba, Mafia and the entire Tanzanian coast is home to the Swahili people, a vibrant mix of Arab, Indian and Bantu origins who historically based their livelihoods around Indian Ocean trade. Swahili culture centres around the dhow, a wooden sailing boat powered by the seasonal wind. Historically, the boats connected the Swahili Coast with Arabia and India and allowed trade between the regions to flourish. Fishing remains a mainstay of coastal income in small villages throughout the area, and coconut and spice plantations continue to form an important source of export.
www.tanzaniatouristboard.com (Tanzania Tourist Board)